Reprieve for Youths as CBK Scraps Fee for CRB Clearance Certificate & “Blacklists” 3rd Party Digital Loan Apps

The Central Bank of Kenya on Tuesday, 14th April 2020 shared the details on the new Publication of the Credit Reference Bureau Regulations, 2020 and Additional Measures on Credit Information Sharing. The new regulations which are already in operation replaces the Credit Reference Bureau Regulations, 2013.

The New Regulations which came into effect on the 8th of April 2020 scrapped the 2,000 KES fee required for first time applicants in need of a CRB Clearance certificate. “This is particularly beneficial to Kenyan youth and graduates who are seeking employment,” read part of the press release by the Central Bank of Kenya.

In the new regulations, persons with loans of less than 1,000 or from unregulated digital (mobile-based) and credit-only lenders will no longer be blacklisted by the CRB. This is after data from CRB showed that, out of the 3.5 million Persons negatively listed on the CRB, 500,000 had a loan of less than Kshs. 200. This comes as a reprieve for most young people in Kenya who have been on the receiving end of Shylock-like lendors who used every dirty trick on their books to coerce borrowers to pay back the loans offered.

You can read the complete Press Release by CBK below.


The Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) announces the publication by Gazette Notice No. 55 of April 8, 2020, of the Credit Reference Bureau Regulations, 2020 (CRB Regulations). These CRB Regulations were issued pursuant to Section 31 (3) of the Banking Act and replace the Credit Reference Bureau Regulations, 2013. The CRB Regulations provide for the licensing and supervision of Credit Reference Bureaus (CRBs) by CBK. Importantly,
they also provide a framework for the exchange of borrowers’ credit information between commercial banks, microfinance banks, Savings and Credit Societies (SACCOs), other credit information providers approved by CBK, and CRBs. They are now operational.

The revised CRB Regulations have been developed through a consultative process that started in 2018, and are intended to strengthen Kenya’s Credit Information Sharing System (CIS) that has been operational since 2010. In particular, they seek to enhance consumer protection for borrowers, expand the sources of information and ensure the sustainability of the CIS as a key tool to bridge the information gap about the borrower’s creditworthiness.

The key reforms introduced by these CRB Regulations include:

1. A minimum threshold of Ksh. 1,000 has now been set for negative credit information that is submitted to CRBs by lenders. Borrower’s information regarding non-performing loans of less than Ksh.1,000 will therefore not be submitted to CRBs, and borrowers that were previously “blacklisted” only for amounts less than Ksh.1,000 will be “delisted.”

2. First-time CRB clearance certificates will be provided by CRBs at no charge. This is particularly beneficial to Kenyan youth and graduates who are seeking employment.

3. SACCO societies regulated by the Sacco Societies Regulatory Authority (SASRA) have now been included as authorized subscribers of credit data to CRBs. These SACCOs will now submit borrowers’ information to CRBs and also receive credit reports directly from them.

In addition to publishing these CRB Regulations, the following additional measures have been implemented:

With immediate effect, CBK has withdrawn the approvals granted to unregulated digital (mobile-based) and credit-only lenders as third party credit information providers to CRBs. The withdrawal is in response to numerous public complaints over misuse of the CIS by the unregulated digital and credit-only lenders, and particularly their poor responsiveness to customer complaints. Thus, unregulated digital and credit-only lenders will no longer submit credit information on their borrowers to CRBs.

On the recommendation of CBK, the Cabinet Secretary for the National Treasury and Planning has published by Gazette Notice No. 3096 of April 8, 2020, the suspension for a period of six months, the listing of negative credit information for borrowers whose loans were performing previously but have become non-performing from April l, 2020. Consequently, loans that fall in arrears from April I to September 30, 2020, will not lead to the “blacklisting” of the borrower on the CRBs. This is one of the emergency measures that were announced on March 25, 2020, in light of the exceptional circumstances from the Coronavirus pandemic and aiming to shield borrowers from the adverse impact.

CBK will continue working with all stakeholders to ensure that the CIS mechanism works for and with Kenyans, and in line with best global practices.

April 14, 2020

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